Volume 2 Issue 2
Alcohol and Other Determinants of Non-Medical Use of Prescription Medications among Latinas: A Six Year Follow Up
Patria Rojas* PhD, Hui Huang PhD, Tan Li PhD, Mariana Sanchez PhD, Frank Dillon PhD, Mario De La Rosa PhD
Latinos are the fastest growing racial/ethnic minority population in the United States. This rate of growth exacerbates the increasing problem of substance abuse among Latina women, who experience disparate negative consequences from substance use disorders, including incarceration, homelessness, and medical ailments. This study examines risk factors associated with non-medical prescription sedative use (NPSU) among adult Latina mothers and daughters enrolled in a longitudinal study examining intergenerational transmission of drug use and sexual risky behaviors. Our study’s theoretical model is multidimensional, and we examined the relationship between variables at each dimension of acculturation and NPSU.
Comparison of Quality of Life Scores between Cigarette and Hookah Smokers: Findings from Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP)
Nafiseh Toghianifar*, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Mojgan Gharipour
Hookah smoking is becoming increasingly popular in many countries, both in developed and developing countries, as a recent systematic review showed the prevalence of hookah smoking ranging from 5% to 33%, with the highest prevalence among youth. A study on patients with acute coronary syndrome showed that 38% of patients were smoker, with 1.4% hookah smoker and 3% smoking both cigarettes and hookah.
Nicotine and Cerebral Neurotransmission
Nicotine is a co-factor in cerebral neurotransmission: one of its functions is the maintenance of the tonic level of hippocampal sensory gating. Its importance in this role is best exemplified by the excessively high rate of cigarette smoking in people who suffer from schizophrenia. Such people tend to consume more cigarettes, and attempt to extract the maximum nicotine dose from them.